·   Improving people’s living standard is too slow, while their knowledge and understanding of commercial production and market links are limited. Most people whom living along the Mekhong river rely on others based on their traditional styles and quite popularize other nations.

·  The provincial economic platform is still weak, and most industries use raw materials only. Moreover, the production and distribution is not well coordinated. Most agricultural production aims only at family use, and are based on traditional practices. Applying specific techniques and high technology into commercial production in order to increase the quantity is seen less, and the quality of manpower and labour skills are low. Furthermore, uncertainly in the weather damages every year on the socio-economic development in the province.

·  International trade cooperation is limited and the province is not quite ready for full integration with the international community, partly because of limited funds, standards, commodity quality, markets, and human resources compared to other big country’s provinces.

·  Public, private and ODA funding for socio- economic development is very limited making it impossible to fully achieve the SEDP targets. At the same time, paying contactors does not happen as scheduled and causes debt accumulation.

·  Some basic infrastructure such as road, electricity, water supply and others remain insufficient. The transit service, export and import through Road No. 8A is still difficult because of the terrain and road design, even if this is the shortest distance between Thailand and Vietnam. The management and services by the relevant government officials have not been as quick as expected. In addition, the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises is insufficient.

· Because Bolikhamxay province shares borders with the Kingdom of Thailand and the Republic of Vietnam, criminals use the crossings for smuggling, drug trading and illegal migrants.